ESSENTIAL QUESTION: Why are all five components of leadership necessary for success in leading through change?
Change is so unpredictable. As Fullan (2007) states "Leadership, then, is not mobilizing others to solve problems we already know how to solve, but to help them confront problems that have never yet been successfully addressed." We have to be ready for the unexpected. Knowing to how to best deal with the unexpected is where leaders rise up. A leader could be anyone. "Leaders are those who step up to help their organizations succeed. They take a larger measure of responsibility for keeping track of the big picture" (Elias, 2013).
Fulan (2007) give 5 components that that he believes are imortant to any successful leader. Below is a graphic of the 5 components.
I personally believe that moral purpose is the highest on my list. "Moral purpose means acting with the intention of making a positive difference in the lives of employees, customers, and society as a whole" (Fullan, 2007). For me I am so busy and give so much to teaching. Why? Because I chose to be a teacher because I want to see students succeed. I enjoy being with them after school and seeing them doing things they really enjoy. Now all components are related so I can't say that I am only concerned with moral purpose. This is just the piece of the pie that really resonates with why I became a teacher. With doing after school activities I build relationships, this building of relationships helps me to build knowledge in sharing with my students and helps me to understand them better fostering change. In coherence making I start to realize what works with students and I can change my teaching to fit what I find. On the outside of the circle we have to remember that "energetic-enthusiastic-hopeful leaders 'cause' greater moral purpose in themselves, bury themselves in change, naturally build relationships and knowledge, and seek coherence to consolidate moral purpose" (Fullan, 2007).
When I was searching for what makes a good leader through change I found a couple of articles by Elena Aguilar. In all her articles she really focuses on the relationship piece which in turn ties into the other 4 categories mentioned by Fullan. Aguilar (2014) says that a good leader should be a visionary, a community builder, and have high emotional intelligence. In other words they should have a vision and it should be clear by their actions, they should work with the community and understand their own emotions as well as others. They should be level-headed and should make a person feel understood. In another article by Aguilar (2011) she quotes Margaret Wheatley in saying that "I believe we can change the world if we start listening to one another again: simple, honest, human conversation, and not mediation, negotiation, problem solving, debate, or public meetings. Truthful conversation where we each have a chance to speak, we each feel heard, and we each listen well." The biggest component to a good leader is communication. They must communicate their thoughts well and also listen to others intently. Conversation is how we keep everyone feeling like they are important and this is where you can make a school great or you will see it fall apart. When you walk in a school you will know the environment based on the reactions you get from students, staff, and parents. Do they smile? If so you can guess that they are feeling heard by someone in the school. They are connected and that is a good sign. (Aguilar, 2014)
Aguilar, E. (2011, April 06). Educational Change Starts with Listening. Retrieved March 03, 2017, from https://www.edutopia.org/blog/educational-leadership-change-listening-elena-aguilar
Aguilar, E. (2014, June 10). What Makes a Great School Leader? Retrieved March 03, 2017, from https://www.edutopia.org/blog/qualities-of-great-school-leader-elena-aguilar
Elias, M. J. (2013, July 18). 6 Paths to Better Leadership. Retrieved March 03, 2017, from https://www.edutopia.org/blog/educators-improving-school-leadership-maurice-elias
Fullan, Michael. Leading in a Culture of Change (1). Somerset, US: Jossey-Bass, 2007. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 28 February 2017.